Rate increases will likely change next year’s stats, but for the year ending in June, first-time buyers were fewer in number, older and moving farther than ever before.
WASHINGTON – For the year ending in June (from July 2021 through June 2022), the share of first-time homebuyers dropped to a record low year-to-year, while the age of a typical first-time buyer increased to an all-time high.
These first-timers also moved farther than ever before. The median distance from their previous homes more than tripled from the distance registered over the previous four years as the shares of homes purchased in small towns and rural areas reached record highs.
Housing affordability and inventory challenges significantly impacted when, where and how consumers purchased homes, according to the National Association of Realtors®’ 2022 Profile of Home Buyers and Sellers, an annual report published since 1981 that analyzes the demographics, preferences and experiences of buyers and sellers across America.
“It’s not surprising that the share of first-time buyers shrank to the lowest level ever recorded, given the housing market’s combination of historically low inventory, persistently high home prices and rapidly escalating interest rates,” says Jessica Lautz, NAR vice president of demographics and behavioral insights. “Those who have housing equity hold the cards and they’ve fared very well in the current real estate market. First-time buyers are older as a result of saving for down payments for longer periods of time or relying on a generational transfer of wealth to propel them into homeownership.”
First-time buyers made up only 26% of all buyers, down from 34% last year and a peak of 50% in 2010 when the U.S. offered the First-Time Home Buyer Tax Credit. The age of the typical first-time buyer was 36 years – up from 33 years one year ago – as the typical repeat buyer’s age climbed to 59 years from 56 years in 2021. Both ages are the highest in the history of the data set.
The median expected home tenure for first-time buyers was 18 years, the highest ever recorded and up from 10 years in 2021.
Travel distance: The median distance between first-timers recently purchased home from the last residence was 50 miles, the highest ever recorded. From 2018 through 2021, the median distance moved was just 15 miles.
Lautz noted several reasons behind decisions to seek homes farther away from previous residences.
“Family support systems still prevailed as a motivating factor when moving and in neighborhood choice,” Lautz says. “For others, housing affordability was a driving factor to seek homes in areas farther away. For many, remote work decisions were formalized in the last year, providing clarity for employees to permanently move to more distant areas.”
The shares of buyers purchasing homes in small towns (29%) and rural areas (19%) were the highest ever recorded, while the shares of homes purchased in suburban (39%) and urban (10%) locations declined year-to-year.
Demographics: In terms of homebuyers by race, White Americans accounted for 88% of all buyers, followed by Hispanic buyers at 8%, Black buyers at 3%, and Asian buyers at 2%. The shares for white and Hispanic increased from a year ago – 82% and 7%, respectively – while the shares of Black and Asian buyers declined – both down from 6%.
“Housing affordability and limited inventory impacted the buying power of all buyers, however, the greatest impact was felt by Black and Asian Americans, as both groups saw a shrinking share of homebuyers,” Lautz says. “Conversely, White and Hispanic Americans experienced gains in buyer shares. Population growth among Hispanic Americans likely drove the increase, while many White Americans are repeat buyers with housing equity that allows them to make easier trades in today’s market.”
House search time: The median number of weeks that buyers searched for a home was 10, an increase from eight weeks in 2020 and 2021. Homebuyers typically purchased their homes for 100% of the asking price, with 28% purchasing for more than asking price.
Mortgages: 78% of recent buyers financed their home purchase, down from 87% last year. An increase of repeat homebuyers drove the change. The typical down payments for first-time and repeat buyers were 6% and 17%, respectively.
Ages: The median age of home sellers was 60 years, up from 56 years one year ago. Sellers typically lived in their home for 10 years before selling. While that’s an increase from eight years the previous year, it’s the same tenure reported in 2019 and 2020.
Using a Realtor: Continuing a long-standing trend, the overwhelming majority of buyers (86%) and sellers (87%) hired a real estate agent or broker to purchase or sell their homes. Nine in 10 said they were very satisfied with their agent’s knowledge of the purchase process (90%), and their agent’s honesty, integrity and knowledge of the real estate market (89%). Most buyers (89%) and sellers (85%) would recommend their agent to others.
“During challenging and changing market conditions, one thing that’s calming and constant is the assurance that comes from a Realtor being in your corner through every step of the home transaction,” says NAR President Leslie Rouda Smith.
© 2022 Florida Realtors®